In several of the scripts I use to interact with Skim, I have mentioned that they receive bibliographic information from BibDesk. BibDesk is an excellent bibliography management tool similar to Mendeley or Zotero. I like BibDesk for three main reasons: (i) like Skim, it is a free and open source project created by academics for other academics, (ii) it stores all its data in a flat BibTex file, and (iii) it can interact easily with Skim via AppleScript. In another post I will talk more about the implications of (ii), but for now just know that this means BibDesk talks easily with Pandoc and LaTeX without the need to export anything. Both Mendeley and Zotero can achieve the same result, but one needs to export every time a change is made to the bibliography.

Several of my colleagues have asked me to recommend a good bibliography manager, but they have not wanted to dive headlong into LaTeX citations (the learning curve is admittedly quite steep). In this post, I would like to simply introduce BibDesk as a stand-alone bibliography manager. When working with BibDesk, every bibliographic reference gets an entry—think of this like the old catalog cards at the library. When filling out the entry it looks like this:

BibDesk Catalog Entry
BibDesk Catalog Entry

Just at this stage, BibDesk has already become useful: rather than pick a book off the shelf to look for the bibliographic information or search ten clicks deep in the university library’s arcane catalog, you enter your info once and it is here for you to reference in the future. If you have a PDF associated with the entry, then you can set up BibDesk to automatically file the PDF based on this bibliographic data—no more cluttered downloads folder with a mysterious 3978503409348.pdf!

Without getting into compiled citations, BibDesk can still be quite useful. It uses templates to generate pre-formated output for a given catalog entry. If you make sure that View > Bottom Preview > Default RTF template is checked you will see something like this at the bottom of your main screen:

BibDesk default RTF template
BibDesk default RTF template

This is useful for copying and pasting into other applications like Word. But how many times do you really want your bibliographic data in that format? I prefer to use Chicago-style footnotes and it is a pain to format each note individually much less remember where to put that pesky comma. So I created an RTF template that automatically arranges the relevant data in the Chicago way, being sensitive to whether we are dealing with a book, a journal article, or an article from a book. With this template selected the output looks like this:

My Chicago Footnote Template in BibDesk
My Chicago Footnote Template in BibDesk

Now when I am working in Word (God forbid!) and I want a footnote, I can just select this pre-formatted version and paste it into my footnote. If you want this same template just download this file to your ~/Library/Application\ Support/BibDesk/Templates folder and add it in the BibDesk Templates preference pane. You can even do multiple catalog entries at once by selecting more than one. If you want to create your own templates I suggest taking a look at the BibDesk Wiki page.

But wait, it gets better! You can skip the step of selecting the text at the bottom and instead simply drag and drop the catalog entry into Word, or select a citation and press ⌘C. To do so simply select your new Chicago footnote template in the BibDesk Citations preference pane:

BibDesk Preference Pane Citations
BibDesk Preference Pane Citations

In a later post we will come to find out that this is still way more work than you need to do, but leveraging the full power of BibDesk will require working with LaTeX, and this (understandably) scares many people away.